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Moving to Europe with a Dog

Moving to Europe with a Dog

Moving to Europe with a dog can be quite a lot of work. We never considered not bringing Sora along. She’s part of our life at home, and we were determined to make her part of our life on the road.

Knowing that we would need to get started on veterinary requirements for bringing Sora into the European Union, I reached out to our local vet and asked about requirements for her entry.

My preliminary research left me overwhelmed and confused by all of the information. Fortunately, our vet happened to have a travel specialist on staff who could outline all of the details, examinations, and vaccinations required before departing on our trip.

We broke these requirements out into bullet points and divided them into sections of what we did before departing the United States and after arriving into the European Union.

Our first trip was specific to Norway, though a European Country, and not in the EU, it has more stringent requirements than other Schengen Zone countries. When we traveled to Spain, they didn’t even bat an eye at her. The majority of these requirements will apply to all EU countries for pet transport (minus the UK which is still figuring out Brexit).

Want to know how to fly internationally with a dog? Read our detailed post all about it.

Moving to Europe with a dog requires a ton of paperwork.

What Paperwork Do I Need to Import my Pet to Europe?

  • Implantation and certification of an ISO Microchip. Europe operates on a different frequency from the United States. Only the veterinarian who implants the microchip can sign the required microchip implementation form.
  • Three-year rabies vaccination, which must be done AFTER the ISO Microchip. Both the rabies and the microchip can be done in the same day, but the vaccination must come second. Both must be administered at least 21 days prior to departure.
  • Ten days before departing for the EU, visit your veterinarian for an international health certificate and an EU veterinary certificate. You have 10 days to enter the destination country before the paperwork expires.
  • Make an appointment with the USDA (coming form the US). The international health certificate, the EU veterinary certificate, and the microchip implementation form must be endorsed by a USDA APHIS. You can choose to schedule an appointment with the nearest location or overnighting the paperwork. Visiting is always the safest option. The $37 fee for endorsement may only be paid by check or money order.
  • Norway required an echinococcosis (tapeworm) treatment given a minimum of 24 and maximum of 120 hours before arrival. Along with the other paperwork, the treatment required approval from the USDA veterinarian. Be sure to ask your local vet write the date and time in both your current timezone, and the one to which you’re traveling. This was confusing in our case as neither Pacific Standard Time, nor Central European Time was listed on our forms. With a nine hour time difference, this can affect meeting the requirements for inoculation.
  • Call customs at the final destination airport 24 hours prior to arrival. Not every EU country requires meeting with customs upon arrival. Determine in advance whether you need to make this call.

Steps for Getting Your Pet Import Paperwork

  1. Research the requirements for your destination country. Generally speaking, it’s always the same: rabies, microchip, and health medical certificate. If you’re traveling from a country of high risk rabies to one that is not, then you may need a titer test. You will then have to wait three months after the test date to enter. helps with initial research. Then go to the USDA APHIS site for export requirements by country. Always double check with the official government websites for animal importing. The earlier you do this the better.
  2. Make an appointment with the USDA, if in the U.S. In other countries, schedule an appointment with your respective animal exporting government office. Appointments can fill up so do this at least 30 days in advance. Schedule your appointment no more than five days of departure or prior your arrival date. This is because your EU health certificate (step #3) is only valid for 10 days. The official government paperwork is good for four months from the issue date, permitted the rabies vaccine doesn’t expire.
  3. Make an appointment with your local accredited veterinarian. Arrange this appointment no more than 10 days before arrival. We aim for five to seven days in case of a flight delay or an issue with the USDA. Tell your vet that you’re traveling to your destination country and you need your paperwork approved.
  4. Get your EU Health certificate certified at the USDA APHIS.
  5. Enjoy your travel. 

Flying with your dog in cargo hold? We created a list to help you pick out the right kennel/pet carrier and understand the process.

All of our backs and bike gear upon arrival in Oslo.

Entering the Destination Country

When we went through customs in Norway, we had to enter the “goods to declare” section. There, we met the customs veterinarian who overlooked Sora’s paperwork, scanned for her microchip, stamped a few items, and sent us on our way.

In Spain, we entered as we would whether we had a dog or not.

During our stay in Oslo, we visited a local veterinarian to request a pet passport. This contains the information for all of Sora’s paperwork and vaccinations and speeds entry into the EU. Once you enter Europe, you have four months to obtain a pet passport if you plan on staying there. Our blog post here outlines how to get one once you arrive.

The process is very simple and straight forward if you do your homework in advance. Traveling to Europe doesn’t have to be stressful. Getting the paperwork and the import papers in your country of origin is the biggest hurdle.

Additional Links:

Steps to Obtain International Health Certificate – USDA APHIS

EU Pet Passports

Pet Travel Rule Changes – 2015

Hopefully this helps outline some of the confusing regulations around bringing a pet from the United States into Europe or if you’re planning to move there. Our veterinarian was our most helpful resource. She understood and was familiar with the required documents and vaccinations. Also be aware that rules change constantly, so it’s a good idea to check back with individual country regulations regularly and before traveling.


Moving to Europe with a dog? This is everything you need to know.


Monday 31st of July 2023

Thank you for this blog entry!

Do you also have an entry or information on which airlines transport dogs and humans within the same aircraft? That is the part that I am finding most daunting and I am fearing having to leave my pups fly alone after we get to Europe.

Thank you again!

Jen Sotolongo

Wednesday 2nd of August 2023

Hi Aurora, I'm not exactly sure what you're asking about specifically. I believe most airlines allow dogs on the flights, but many have limitations on breed and total number of dogs on the flight. I have flown Lufthansa and Alaksa with my dog with great results!


Sunday 21st of May 2023

Your link to cargo hold travel/kennels etc is dead

Jen Sotolongo

Sunday 21st of May 2023

Oops! Thanks for letting me know. It's been corrected.


Wednesday 8th of March 2023

Good evening.

I have the same question to you but i am planing to return to my home in sweden traveling from Mexico and i have an Belgian Shepard dog 39kg heavy and very protective but suprises me in situations whenre i expect some things to happen but very protective ..

What would you think would be the best option if i cross into USA and try to fly from laredo or san antonio or houston to europe and sweden or would it make it easier to fly to Norway from Laredo/San Antonio/Houston ?, my main concern is the amount of hours of travel time and will likely be a lot and not do number 1 or 2 for that matter and i am worried about being in a black cargo haul ?

Thank you in advance for all suggestions

Jen Sotolongo

Saturday 18th of March 2023

I'd probably opt to stop over in the US, but maybe somewhere on the East Coast compared to Texas, as that flight is quite short.

Tim DeVries

Sunday 3rd of July 2022

Thanks for the info and sharing your expertise. We are on kind of a strict budget. What is the most economical way to SAFELY transport your dog? The one plus we have is we have time on our side. Thanks

Tim DeVries

Monday 27th of June 2022

My wife an I are considering a permanent move to Italy. We have two Jack Russell terriers. We have many questions: We are concerned about the stress of flying the dogs to Europe. We have heard many horror stories. Once we are established in Italy, we are concerned about being able to travel with the dogs in Italy. Thanks Tim

Jen Sotolongo

Wednesday 29th of June 2022

Hi Tim, I'm not exactly sure what your specific questions are, but I'll address what you mentioned. You only hear about the horror stories because reporting about dogs that flew successfully to their destination isn't news. Dogs and cats fly all the time without incident. Think of all the animals transported between animal shelters or that fly to competitions. As far as traveling with the dogs, Europe is very dog friendly, so you shouldn't have much issue.